What Is The Valency Of Chromium?

Are you curious to know what is the valency of chromium? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about the valency of chromium in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is the valency of chromium?

What Is The Valency Of Chromium?

Chromium is an intriguing chemical element with a wide range of applications in various fields, from metallurgy to medicine. One of its defining characteristics is its ability to form different compounds with varying properties. To understand how chromium interacts with other elements and compounds, we need to explore its valency. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the valency of chromium and its significance in chemistry.

Understanding Valency

Valency, in the context of chemistry, refers to the measure of an element’s ability to form chemical bonds with other atoms. It helps determine the number of electrons that an element can gain, lose, or share to achieve a stable electron configuration (usually, a full outer electron shell). The valency of an element plays a crucial role in predicting its chemical behavior, including the types of compounds it can form.

The Valency Of Chromium

Chromium is a transitional metal with the atomic number 24 and the chemical symbol Cr. Its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d⁵ 4s¹, indicating that it has 6 electrons in its outermost shell. To achieve a stable electron configuration, chromium can exhibit varying valencies, primarily +2, +3, and +6.

  1. Chromium (II) Valency (+2): In this valency state, chromium loses its two outermost electrons, resulting in a stable configuration of [Ar] 3d⁴. Compounds in this valency state are typically referred to as chromous compounds. However, they are relatively uncommon compared to other chromium valency states.
  2. Chromium (III) Valency (+3): In the +3 valency state, chromium loses three electrons from its outermost shell, attaining the electron configuration [Ar] 3d³. Chromium(III) compounds, known as chromic compounds, are more prevalent and include compounds like chromium(III) oxide (Cr₂O₃).
  3. Chromium (VI) Valency (+6): Chromium can also gain electrons to form compounds in its +6 valency state. In this case, it shares six electrons to achieve a stable configuration of [Ar]. Chromium(VI) compounds, known as chromates or dichromates, are extensively used in various industrial applications, including as oxidizing agents and in pigments.

Significance Of Chromium’s Valency

Chromium’s ability to exhibit different valency states is essential for its versatility in various applications:

  1. Metallurgy: Chromium is commonly alloyed with other metals to create materials with high corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel. Its ability to form stable compounds contributes to the alloy’s durability.
  2. Dye and Pigment Production: Chromium compounds with specific valency states are used in the manufacture of pigments and dyes, adding color to paints, inks, and textiles.
  3. Chemical Industry: Chromium compounds are essential in chemical processes, including the production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
  4. Environmental Remediation: Chromium(VI) compounds are used in wastewater treatment to remove contaminants.
  5. Biological and Medicinal Applications: Chromium is an essential trace element in the human diet and plays a role in glucose metabolism. Chromium(III) supplements are sometimes used to support insulin function.


Chromium’s valency states (+2, +3, and +6) highlight its adaptability and importance in various chemical processes and applications. Whether it’s providing strength to stainless steel, adding color to pigments, or aiding in biological functions, chromium’s ability to change valency contributes to its versatile role in the world of chemistry and industry. Understanding its valency is key to harnessing its diverse properties for practical and scientific purposes.


Why Is Chromium Valency 2?

Answer: Atomic number of chromium is 24. Chromium has six valence electrons in its outer most orbit. Hence its valency is 2.

Why Is Chromium Valency 3?

Chromium is a trasition element so it shows variable oxidation states (amount of electrons lost). However , it has a configuration 1s2,2s2,2p6,3s2,3p6,4s1,3d5 , its clear that it will lose 1st e- easier than 2nd due to stable half filled orbital configuration. It is commonly seen in +3 and +6 states.

What Is The Symbol And Valency For Chromium?

Chromium is a chemical element with the symbol Cr and atomic number 24. It is the first element in group 6. It is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard, and brittle transition metal.

What Is Valency 2 Called?

Group 2 element are called alkaline earth metals and has 2 valence electrons and it forms an ionic compound with non-metals.

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