What Is PF And ESI?

Are you curious to know what is PF and ESI? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about PF and ESI in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is PF and ESI?

What Is PF And ESI?

When it comes to employment, it’s essential to be aware of the various benefits and contributions that both employers and employees need to understand. Two such benefits in many countries, including India, are Provident Fund (PF) and Employee State Insurance (ESI). In this blog post, we will delve into the details of PF and ESI, explaining their significance, eligibility, contributions, and the benefits they provide to employees.

What Is Provident Fund (PF)?

Provident Fund (PF) is a social security program established to ensure financial security and stability for employees after their retirement. It is a compulsory savings scheme for employees working in the organized sector, including private establishments and government organizations. Both the employer and the employee contribute a certain percentage of the employee’s salary towards the PF account.

Eligibility And Contributions:

Employees who earn a salary of up to a specified threshold, typically Rs. 15,000 per month in India, are eligible for PF. The employer deducts a fixed percentage, generally 12% of the employee’s basic salary, from the employee’s salary and contributes an equal amount. These contributions are deposited into the employee’s PF account maintained by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO).

Benefits Of PF:

  1. Retirement Corpus: The primary benefit of PF is the accumulation of a substantial retirement corpus over the years. The accumulated amount, comprising the employee and employer contributions along with the accrued interest, provides financial security and stability during retirement.
  2. Withdrawal and Loans: Employees can partially or fully withdraw the PF amount for specific purposes like buying a house, medical emergencies, or higher education. Additionally, loans against the PF balance are available to meet immediate financial needs.

What Is Employee State Insurance (ESI)?

Employee State Insurance (ESI) is a self-financing social security and health insurance scheme for employees in India. It provides medical and cash benefits to insured employees and their dependents, covering them against various contingencies such as sickness, maternity, and employment injury.

Eligibility And Contributions:

Employees earning up to a specific wage threshold, which is currently Rs. 21,000 per month in India, are eligible for ESI. Both the employer and the employee contribute a percentage of the employee’s salary towards the ESI fund. The employee’s contribution is 0.75% of their wages, while the employer’s contribution is 3.25%.

Benefits Of ESI:

  1. Medical Benefits: ESI offers comprehensive medical benefits, including outpatient, inpatient, specialist consultations, diagnostic tests, medicines, and maternity care. Insured employees and their dependents can avail themselves of these services at ESI dispensaries, hospitals, and tie-up centers.
  2. Sickness and Maternity Benefits: ESI provides cash benefits to employees during periods of temporary disablement due to sickness, maternity, or injuries. These benefits help cover a portion of the wages lost during such periods, ensuring financial support when employees are unable to work.


Understanding the provisions and benefits of PF and ESI is crucial for both employers and employees. Provident Fund (PF) helps employees accumulate a retirement corpus, ensuring financial security post-retirement, while Employee State Insurance (ESI) provides medical and cash benefits during contingencies. By participating in these social security programs, employees can safeguard their well-being and enjoy financial stability in the long run. Employers, on the other hand, fulfill their legal obligations and contribute to their employees’ overall welfare.


What Is The Difference Between PF And ESI?

The Government of India established the ESI scheme to provide workers with financial, medical, and other benefits. The Employees’ Provident Fund, on the other hand, is a social security scheme that enables employees to set aside a small amount of their wages for future benefits.

How PF And ESI Are Calculated?

How do I calculate ESI? ESI is calculated on the gross salary paid to the employees. As per the ESI Act, the employer contributes 3.25% of the wages, and the employee contributes 0.75% of the wages to the contributory fund, which is then used to provide insurance cover to the employees in difficult times.

What Are PF And ESI Called?

In this article, we will look at the features within Zoho Payroll that help you with the four statutory regulations: Employees’ Provident Fund (PF), Professional Tax (PT), Labour Welfare Fund (LWF), and Employee State Insurance (ESI).

Is ESI And PF Both Mandatory?

Legal Compliance: The Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, and the Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 make it mandatory for companies employing 20 or more workers to register for EPF and ESI schemes.


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