The essentials of life cover: What you need to know?


Understanding the essentials of life cover is paramount in securing your family’s financial future, especially in the unpredictable journey of life. In India, where family often comes first, ensuring that your loved ones are protected in your absence is not just a financial decision but also an emotional one. Life cover also called life insurance acts as a safety net for your dependents covering income loss that would happen if you expired unanticipated. This is particularly crucial when factoring in a family’s diversified financial needs, which range from daily spending, and weddings to higher education expenses and retirement corpus creation.


Understanding life coverage


Life cover, also called life insurance policy is a financial product that safeguards your dependents in the occasion of your untimely demise. In exchange for recurring payments of premiums, the insurance company agrees to pay a particular amount to the insurance’s beneficiaries on the insured’s demise. This fund can be useful in endowing financial stability and security, permitting your family to keep up their lifestyle without the tension of financial worries.

Importance of life coverage


In India, where family connections are highly prized, life insurance plays an important role. It serves as a financial backbone, ensuring that your family’s needs—from everyday living expenditures and debt repayments to long-term ambitions such as school and marriage—are met. Given the uncertainties of life, obtaining appropriate life insurance guarantees that your loved ones are not left financially vulnerable if something happens to you. 


Types of life insurance


The insurance market offers a diverse range of life insurance products to cater to different financial needs and goals. Term insurance provides pure life cover for a specific period. Whole-life policies offer coverage for the insured’s lifetime. Endowment plans combine savings with life cover, offering a lump sum upon policy maturity or the insured’s death. ULIPs blend life cover with investment, allowing policyholders to potentially grow their savings while ensuring financial protection.


What is a unit-linked insurance plan (ULIP)?


Unit-linked insurance plans stand out for their dual benefit of providing life cover and the opportunity to invest in a variety of market-linked instruments. This allows policyholders not just to secure their family’s financial future but also to build wealth over time. The premiums paid are partially allocated towards life cover, with the remainder invested in funds chosen by the policyholder, based on their risk appetite.


Premium payments


Flexibility in premium payments is designed to suit various financial circumstances, allowing for monthly, quarterly, semi-annual, or annual payments. Selecting a payment schedule that aligns with your cash flow helps in maintaining the policy without financial strain.


Determining the cover amount


The right amount of life cover is subjective and varies per individual. It should ideally be enough to cover your family’s current lifestyle, debts, future obligations, and inflation. A common benchmark is 10-15 times your annual income, but this should be adjusted according to your specific financial situation and goals.


Tax benefits


Life insurance premiums qualify for tax deductions under Section 80C, while the policy proceeds are generally tax-free under Section 10(10D), offering a tax-efficient way to provide financial protection to your family.


Policy term


The term of a life insurance policy should reflect the period during which your dependents might need financial support. This could range from a term plan covering specific years to a whole life plan providing lifelong coverage.


Importance of disclosing medical history


Full disclosure of your medical history when applying for life insurance is imperative to avoid complications or claim denial. Insurance contracts are based on the principle of utmost good faith, and withholding information can be detrimental to the claim process.


Understanding the fine print


To lower surprises, ensure you understand everything linked with insurance including exclusions, claim processes and restrictions. Understanding what your insurance covers and does not cover may assist you manage expectations and making proper decisions.




Nominating a beneficiary assures that the insurance gains are delivered to the intended receiver quickly and aptly with zero legal issues, endowing mental peace that your dependents will be taken good care of.


Review and update your policy periodically


Life’s milestone constantly needs an assessment of your insurance policy needs. Periodically assessing and revising your insurance ensures your cover remains relevant to your growing financial aspirations and obligations.


Rider’s options


Adding riders to your insurance can improve coverage by offering extra protection against certain risks such as critical sickness, accidental death, or disability. These extra advantages allow for a more personalised insurance solution that is suited to your specific requirements.


Claims settlement ratio


The claim settlement ratio of the policy is an imperative sign of their dependability. A higher ratio shows that firms are more likely to solve issues efficiently, offering certainty that your beneficiaries will get the advantage promised without any unnecessary delays.


Seek expert guidance


The complications of insurance may be overwhelming. Consulting with an advisor can endow customised guidance, helping you in going through countless possibilities and choosing an insurance policy that matches well with your financial goals and circumstances, assuring optimal cover for your family members.


The function of inflation 


Inflation considerably erodes the purchasing power, so the insured amount now might be adequate in the future. To ensure that your insurance cover is apt as per your family’s needs, you must keep in account the inflation while choosing the amount.


Ending note


A life insurance policy is the foundation measure for financial planning, endowing you with thorough mental peace that your family members will be taken care of well in your absence. It is not just crucial to leave a legacy but even make sure your dependents can continue with their level of living without any sacrifice. Being aware of the fundamentals or basics of insurance policy is an essential step towards protecting the future of your family. Note that, the ideal time to buy a life insurance policy is now as the expenditure just increases with age. Secure the future of your family today as tomorrow may be unpredictable.